[283] Presbyterians honor her as the "apostle to the apostles"[284] and, in the book Methodist Theology, Kenneth Wilson describes her as, "in effect", one of the "first missionaries". [230] Edgar Saltus's historical fiction novel Mary Magdalene: A Chronicle (1891) depicts her as a heroine living in a castle at Magdala, who moves to Rome becoming the "toast of the tetrarchy", telling John the Baptist she will "drink pearls... sup on peacock's tongues". [273] Because of Mary Magdalene's position as an apostle, though not one of those who became official witnesses to the resurrection, the Catholic Church honoured her by reciting the Gloria on her feast day, the only woman to be so honoured apart from Mary, the mother of Jesus. The rest of the disciples [were offended by it and expressed disapproval]. [299] Richard J. Hooper does not make the Jusino thesis his own, but says: "Perhaps we should not altogether reject the possibility that some Johannine Christians considered Mary Magdalene to be 'the disciple whom Jesus loved'. Mary Magdalene,[a] sometimes called Mary of Magdala, or simply the Magdalene or the Madeleine, was a woman who, according to the four canonical gospels, traveled with Jesus as one of his followers and was a witness to his crucifixion and its aftermath. [223] A massive number of Baroque paintings and sculptures depict the penitent Magdalene,[223][226] often showing her naked or partially naked, with a strong emphasis on her erotic beauty. "Greek Lexicon entry for Koinonos". [236], Nonetheless, despite the Vatican's rejection of it, the view of Mary as a repentant prostitute only grew more prevalent in popular culture. [80][87] His next words may be translated as "Don't touch me, for I have not yet ascended to my Father" or "Stop clinging to me, [etc.]" [265][266][267], According to Darrell Bock, the title of apostola apostolorum first appears in the 10th century,[162] but Katherine Ludwig Jansen says she found no reference to it earlier than the 12th, by which time it was already commonplace. [72][73][74] The original text of the gospel ends here, without the resurrected Jesus ever actually making an appearance to anyone. [130][128], The first part of the gospel deals with Jesus's parting words to his followers after a post-resurrection appearance. She had spoken proud things with her mouth, but in kissing the Lord's feet, she now planted her mouth on the Redeemer's feet. When the owners of the field come, they will say, 'Let us have back our field.' [97] He concludes that the idea that early Christians would have had "no motive" to make up the story simply "suffers from a poverty of imagination"[98] and that they would have had all kinds of possible motives,[99] especially since women were overrepresented in early Christian communities and women themselves would have had strong motivation to make up a story about other women being the first to find the tomb. She whom Luke calls the sinful woman, whom John calls Mary, we believe to be the Mary from whom seven devils were ejected according to Mark. ", "Apostle to the apostles: The story of Mary Magdalene – Catholic Times", "Gospel of Jesus's Wife is fake, claims expert | World news", "Fresh Doubts Raised About Papyrus Scrap Known as 'Gospel of Jesus' Wife, "NT Blog: More evidence of forgery in the Jesus' Wife Sister Fragment", "Jesus had a wife, say scientists, as ancient papyrus scroll verified – Americas – World", "Mary Magdalene review – toothless attempt to overturn Sunday school myths: Rooney Mara brings her customary intensity to the title role as Jesus' 'favourite pupil', but the result is a bit too solemn to be a convincing reinvention", "The Real Reason Why Mary Magdalene Is Such a Controversial Figure", "Why Mary Magdalene is the Hollywood film Christians have been waiting for: This new movie paints a clear picture of Jesus, says Sam Hailes", "The Scholar Who Discovered the 'Jesus's Wife' Fragment Now Says It's Likely a Fake", "Is 'Maria Magdalena' TV Show streaming on Netflix? [87][80] The Gospel of John therefore portrays Mary Magdalene as the first apostle, the apostle sent to the apostles. [240][237][241] In Superstar, Mary describes her sexual attraction to Jesus in the song "I Don't Know How to Love Him", which shocked many of the play's original viewers. [103] These texts were written long after the death of the historical Mary Magdalene. One folk tradition concerning Mary Magdalene says that following the death and resurrection of Jesus, she used her position to gain an invitation to a banquet given by the Roman Emperor Tiberius. [73][74][83] Then they went and told the eleven remaining apostles, who dismissed their story as nonsense. During the Counter-Reformation, the Catholic Church emphasized Mary Magdalene as a symbol of penance. [92], In a book published in 2006, Ehrman states that "it appears virtually certain" that the stories of the empty tomb, regardless of whether or not they are accurate, can definitely be traced back to the historical Mary Magdalene,[93] pointing out that, in Jewish society, women were regarded as unreliable witnesses and were forbidden from giving testimony in court,[94] so early Christians would have had no motive to make up a story about a woman being the first to discover the empty tomb. [105], The earliest dialogue between Jesus and Mary Magdalene is probably the Dialogue of the Savior,[31] a badly damaged Gnostic text discovered in the Nag Hammadi library in 1945. [15][37] The places where she and the other women are mentioned throughout the gospels strongly indicate that they were vital to Jesus's ministry[38][39][40][41] and the fact that Mary Magdalene always appears first, whenever she is listed in the Synoptic Gospels as a member of a group of women, indicates that she was seen as the most important out of all of them.


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